WHAT to KNOW and DO ABOUT STROKE
PRINCETON FAMILY CARE
What is a stroke?
A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted, which results in brain cells in the immediate area beginning to diet due to lack of oxygen and nutrients needed to function.
What are the different forms of a stroke?
1) Ischemic stroke – occurs when a blood vessel supplying the brain becomes blocked
2) Hemorrhagic stroke – occurs when bleeding present into or around the brain
What are the symptoms of a stroke?
Symptoms of a stroke happen quickly, and include
1) Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm, or leg (especially on one side of the body)
2) Sudden confusion, trouble speaking, or understanding speech
3) Sudden trouble with vision in one or both eyes
4) Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination, sudden severe headache with no known cause
How are strokes treated?
Ischemic strokes are the most common type of stroke, can be treated with a drug called t-PA, which dissolves blood clots and blocks blood flow to the brain. The window of opportunity to start treating stroke is THREE hours. It is important to be evaluated and receive treatment within 60 minutes.
What is the benefit of the treatment?
Studies show patients who received t-PA within three hours of start of stroke symptoms were at least 30% more likely to recover with little or no disability after three months
How can I prevent a stroke?
One can prevent a stroke by controlling risk factors, which include high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes mellitus, high cholesterol (hyperlipidemia), and staying active, quit smoking, and controlling heart disease