FACTS ABOUT THE FLU
PRINCETON FAMILY CARE
When is flu season?
Flu Season is usually from October through May each year. The influenza virus is contagious from the day before symptoms start and up to seven days after getting sick
What are the symptoms of the flu?
Severe, sudden onset, Fever, Headache, Bodyaches, Fatigue, Cough, Chills, occasional upper resp sxs (sneezing, nasal congestion, sore throat)
How long does the flu last?
Symptoms usually resolve within two weeks, but can last longer. Antivirals can be given within 48 hours of symptom onset, and can decrease duration of flu symptoms
Can flu related illnesses be serious?
The Center for Disease Control (CDC) reports about 200,000 Americans with flu related illnesses are admitted to the hospital each year. About 3000 to 49000 people die from these flu illnesses.
How can I reduce my chances of getting the flu?
A yearly seasonal flu vaccine is the best way to reduce chances you will get the flu. It takes about two weeks for the vaccine to completely take effect. Flu vaccines are recommended for most people 6 months of age and older. Individuals at higher risk for the flu have a stronger indication for the flu vaccine and those include, people with long term chronic medical conditions, nursing home residents, pregnant women, children younger than 5 yo and adults older than 65 yo.
What are the different kinds of flu vaccines?
FLU SHOT – Inactivated (killed) flu shot into the muscle or skin, Available in Intramuscular or Intradermal versions, Types of vaccines include Trivalent (made of 3 viruses) and the new Quadrivalent (made of 4 viruses) version
NASAL SPRAY – live, weakened vaccine given as a nasal spray
Can I get any version of the flu vaccine?
Certain individuals should get the inactivated version of the flu vaccine, the shot. These include individuals younger than 2 yo, people with chronic health conditions, such as Multiple sclerosis, Crohn’s Disease, Ulcerative Colitis, or Lupus, those on medications that weaken the immune system, such as methotrexate.
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